Ethernet is a family of technologies for batch data transmission between devices for computer and industrial networks. It can be added that the software of the stack of Ethernet network protocols will work generally in the same way for all the varieties of Ethernet.
Physically, the Ethernet technology includes the coaxial cable, twisted pair, and fiber-optic data transmission media, with transmission rates from 10 Mbps to 100 Gbps. The most common are 10BASE-T, 100BASE-TX and 1000BASE-T. All three use twisted pair cables and 8P8C modular connectors. They operate at a speed of 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps and 1 Gbps, respectively. In large networks, Ethernet fiber optic options are also very common, offering high performance and longer distances (tens of kilometers in some versions).